50 Common Arabic Regular Verbs

This post lists 50 common Arabic regular verbs. Based on the letters they are composed of, verbs الأَفْعَال in Arabic are classified into regular and irregular. The regular are the verbs that do not include a weak letter (i.e. ا, و, or ي). When conjugated into the various verb forms, they do not violate the prescribed rules.

The table below includes fifty common regular verbs. A possible completion / complement follows each verb to form a phrasal verb. The form of all these verbs is perfective مَاضِي with the third person masculine singular, that is هُوَ. Hence, جَلَسَ عَلَى الكُرْسِي, for example, literally translates as ‘he sat on the chair’; أكَل تُفَّاحَةً ‘he ate an apple’; خَلَعَ القَمِيْص ‘he took off the shirt’; and so forth.

Also, note that every verb in the list always ends in fatHah, and that this form is the basic form the Arabic verb, i.e. the root.

اِتَّصَلَ بِـ (صَدِيْقَهِ) called his friendأَخَذَ (الكِتَاب) took the bookاِسْتَمَعَ إِلَى (الرَّادِيُو) listen to the radio
أَغْلَقَ (البَاب) closed the doorأَكَلَ (تُفَّاحَةً) ate an appleاِنْتَظَرَ لـ (البَاص) waited for the bus
بَدَأ (الدَّرْسَ) started the lessonتَكَلَّمَ مَعِي spoke with meحَمَلَ (شَنْطَتُهُ) carried his bag
جَلَسَ عَلَى (الكُرْسِي) sat on (the chairخَرَجَ مِنَ (البِيْت) went outside the houseخَلَعَ (القَمِيْص) took off the shirt
دَخَلَ (الغُرْفَة) entered the roomدَرَسَ (الرِّيَاضِيَّات) studied mathذَهَبَ إِلَى (السُّوق) went to the market
رَبَطَ الحِذَاء tied the shoesرَجِعَ إِلَى (البَيْت) returned homeرَفَضَ (الفِكْرَة) rejected the idea
رَقَدَ فِي (فِنْدُق) slept in a hotelرَقَصَ مَعَ (صِدِيْقَتِه) danced with his girlfriendسَاعَدَ (زَمِيْلَهُ) helped his classmate
سَافَرَ إِلَى (القَرْيَة) travel to the countrysideسَبَحَ فِي (البَحْر) swam in the seaسَقَطَ مِنْ (السَمَاء) fell from the sky
سَكَنَ فِي (شَقَّة) lived in a flatسَمِعَ (الخَبَر) heard the newsشَاهَدَ (التِّلْفَاز) watched the TV
شَرِبَ (العَصِيْر) drank the juiceشَرَحَ (الدَّرْس) explained the lessonشَكَرَ (النَّادِل) thanked the waiter
صَعَدَ إِلَى (الطَّائِرَة) got on the planeصَوَّرَ (الَحَفْلَة) filmed the partyضَحِكَ عَلَى (صَدِيْقِهِ) laughed at his friend
طَبَخَ (العَشَاء) cooked the dinnerعَرَفَ (الإِجَابَة) knew the answerعَطَسَ مِنْ (الفِلْفِل)  sneezed due to the pepper
عَمِلَ فِي (شَرِكَة) worked in a companyفَتَحَ (البَاب) opened the doorفَطَرَ (بَيْضًا) ate eggs for breakfast
فَقَدَ (المُفْتَاح) lost the keyقَابَل (المُدِيْر) met the bossقَرَأَ (القُرْآن) read the Quran
قَطَعَ (الطَّمَاطِم) cut the tomatoesقَطَعَ (الشَّارِع) crossed the streetقَفَزَ مِنْ (السَّيَّارَة) jumped from the car
كَتَبَ (الوَاجِب) wrote the homeworkلَبَسَ (القَمِيْص) wore the shirtلَعِبَ (كُرَة قَدَم) played football
نَزَلَ مِنَ (البَاص) got off the busنَظَّفَ (غُرْفَتَهُ) cleaned his roomدَفعَ الحِسَاب payed the bill

In the next post, we learn how to conjugate these verbs with nouns and other pronouns in the perfective form الفِعْل المَاضِي to create meaningful sentences.

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